History of Bangkok Wikipedia. The history of the city of Bangkok, in Thailand, dates at least to the early 1. Ayutthaya. Due to its strategic location near the mouth of the Chao Phraya River, the town gradually increased in importance, and after the fall of Ayutthaya King Taksin established his new capital of Thonburi there, on the rivers western bank. King Phutthayotfa Chulalok, who succeeded Taksin, moved the capital to the eastern bank in 1. Thai name, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon. Nicknames Ayutthaya Map of Thailand highlighting Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province Country Thailand Capital Ayothaya Government Governor Suchin. The history of the city of Bangkok, in Thailand, dates at least to the early 15th century, when it was under the rule of Ayutthaya. Due to its strategic location near. The Travel Doctor interactive website providing specialist health information for travellers plus customised lists of travel medicines, vaccines and malaria tablets. What would Southeast Asia look like if it had a fully functioning railway network I have thought about this many times, usually while on a bus ride from hell Huay. Vol. 7, No. 3, May, 2004. Mathematical and Natural Sciences. Study on Bilinear Scheme and Application to Threedimensional Convective Equation Itaru Hataue and Yosuke. Property List Editor. Bangkok-City-Tourist-Map.mediumthumb.jpg' alt='Ayutthaya Tourist Map Pdf' title='Ayutthaya Tourist Map Pdf' />Bangkok has since undergone tremendous changes, growing rapidly, especially in the second half of the 2. Thailand. It was the centre of Siams modernization in the late 1. Allied bombing during the Second World War, and has long been the modern nations central political stage, with numerous uprisings and coups dtat having taken place on its streets throughout the years. Under AyutthayaeditIt is not known exactly when the area which is now Bangkok was first settled. It probably originated as a small farming and trading community, located in a meander of the Chao Phraya River within the mandala of Ayutthayas influence. The town had become an important customs outpost by as early as the 1. Nai Phra Khanon Thonburi Thai nb 1 in a document from the reign of Ayutthayan king Chao Sam Phraya 1. The name also appears in the 1. Law of Three Seals. At the time, the Chao Phraya flowed through what is now Bangkok Noi and Bangkok Yai Canals, forming a large loop in which the town was situated. In the reign of King Chairacha either in 1. Ayutthaya. The flow of the river has since changed to follow the new waterway, dividing the town and making the western part an island. This geographical feature may have given the town the name Bang Ko, meaning island village, which later became Bangkok, pronounced in Thai as b kk. Another theory regarding the origin of the name speculates that it is shortened from Bang Makok, makok being the name of Spondias pinnata, a plant bearing olive like fruit. This is supported by the fact that Wat Arun, a historic temple in the area, used to be named Wat Makok. Specific mention of the town was first made in the royal chronicles from the reign of King Maha Chakkraphat 1. Thonburi Si Mahasamut. Bangkok was probably a colloquial name, albeit one widely adopted by foreign visitors. BangkokThonburis importance increased with the amount of Ayutthayas maritime trade. Dutch records noted that ships passing through Bangkok were required to declare the amount of their goods and number of passengers, as well as pay customs duties. Ships cannons would be confiscated and held there before they were allowed to proceed upriver to Ayutthaya. An early English language account is that of Adam Denton, who arrived aboard the Globe, an East India Company merchantman bearing a letter from King James I, which arrived in the Road of Syam Pak Nam on August 1. Bangkok attended to the ship. Dentons account mentions that he and his companions journeyed up the river some twenty miles to a town called Bancope, where we were well received, and further 1. Ayutthayas maritime trade was at its height during the reign of King Narai 1. Recognition of the citys strategic location guarding the water passage to Ayutthaya lead to expansion of the military presence there. A fort of Western design was constructed on the eastern side of the river around 1. French engineer de la Mare, probably replacing an earlier structure, while plans to rebuild the fort on the western bank were also made. De la Mare had arrived with the French embassy of Chevalier de Chaumont, and was remaining in Siam along with Chevalier de Forbin, who had been appointed governor of Bangkok. The Bangkok garrison under Forbin consisted of Siamese, Portuguese and French reportedly totalling about one thousand men. French control over the city was further consolidated when the French General Desfarges, who had arrived with the second French embassy in 1. Free Download Motocross Madness 3 Pc there. This, however, lead to resentment among Siamese nobles, led by Phetracha, and ultimately resulting in the Siamese revolution of 1. King Narai was overthrown and 4. Siamese troops besieged Bangkoks eastern fort for four months before an agreement was reached and the French were allowed to retreat. The revolution resulted in Siams ties with the West being virtually severed, steering its trade towards China and Japan. The eastern fort was subsequently demolished on Phetrachas orders. Thonburiedit. Wichai Prasit Fort on the western bank of the river is now within the grounds of the Royal Thai Navy Headquarters. Ayutthaya was razed by the Burmese in 1. In the following months, multiple factions competed for control of the kingdoms lands. Of these, Phraya Tak, governor of Tak and a general fighting in Ayutthayas defence prior to its fall, emerged as the strongest. After succeeding in reclaiming the cities of Ayutthaya and Bangkok, Phraya Tak declared himself king popularly known as King Taksin in 1. Thonburi as his capital. Reasons given for this change include the totality of Ayutthayas destruction and Thonburis strategic location. Being a fortified town with a sizeable population meant that not much would need to be reconstructed. The existence of an old Chinese trading settlement on the eastern bank allowed Taksin to use his Chinese connections to import rice and revive trade. King Taksin had the city area extended northwards to border the Bangkok Noi Canal. A moat was dug to protect the citys western border, on which new city walls and fortifications were built. Moats and walls were also constructed on the eastern bank, encircling the city together with the canals on the western side. The kings palace was built within the old city walls, including the temples of Wat Chaeng Wat Arun and Wat Thai Talat Wat Molilokkayaram within the palace grounds. Outlying orchards were re landscaped for rice farming. Much of Taksins reign was spent in military campaigns to consolidate the Thonburi Kingdoms hold over Siamese lands. His kingdom, however, would last only until 1. Chao Phraya Chakri established himself as king, later to be known as Phutthayotfa Chulalok or Rama I. Rattanakosinedit. Map showing the extent of Thonburi and Rattanakosin cities. Rama I re established the capital on the more strategic eastern bank of the river, relocating the prior Chinese who had settled there to the area between Wat Sam Pluem and Wat Sampheng. The area is now Bangkoks Chinatown. Fortifications were rebuilt, and another series of moats was created, encircling the city in an area known as Rattanakosin Island. The formal date of the citys establishment is counted to the erection of the city pillar on 2. April 1. 78. 2. The year would later mark the start of the Rattanakosin Era after calendar reforms by King Rama V in 1. Rama I named the new city Krung Rattanakosin In Ayothaya. This was later modified by King Nangklao to be Krungthepmahanakhon Amonrattanakosin Mahintha ayutthaya. While settlements on both banks were commonly called Bangkok, both the Burney Treaty of 1. Roberts Treaty of 1.